Smooth bedstraw can significantly reduce the yields of hayfields due to its competitive nature. It is used as an incredible red dye, cheese and milk flavoring and followed by a variety of beliefs and folk stories; Lady’s Bedstraw has been used for thousands of years. North American stoloniferous perennial having white flowers; sometimes used as an ornamental Familiarity information: NORTHERN BEDSTRAW used as a noun is very rare. Northern bog bedstraw is distributed across northern North America, but is rare and protected in most of the United States that fall along the southern limit of its distribution. Northern bedstraw synonyms, Northern bedstraw pronunciation, Northern bedstraw translation, English dictionary definition of Northern bedstraw. The multiple stems are mostly glabrous. Flowers & Fruits: The fragrant white flowers of the northern bedstraw are approximately 3 mm wide. The cotyledons are smooth, lack hairs, and range in length from 1/2 to one inch. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State … Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale) has leaves that are arranged in whorls of four. It was also used to treat epilepsy and the root is reportedly a flea repellent. Leaves are in whorls of 4 and measure 0.4 to 2.6 inches (1-6.5 cm) long by 2 to 12 mm wide [59,91,92,118]. Northern bedstraw have been used for dyeing fabric and can be found at … Galium boreale or northern bedstraw is a plant species of the Rubiaceae.It is widespread over the temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America including most of Canada and the northern United States. Yesterday we arrived home from Cudgel Wars, a 10 day long event in Aarnimetsä (Finland). Northern bedstraw is a somewhat weedy perennial that grows on upright, smooth stems to 1-3 feet tall and features tiny white flowers that appear in branched terminal and upper axillary clusters in late spring to early summer. They also grow in some parts of Asia. This will help control the spread, give the grasses a more competitive edge, … The leaves are narrow, typically 5 cm long, with three strong veins. A more common Missouri plant which also goes by the name of bedstraw is Galium aparine which is a sprawling annual weed featuring weak bristly stems and seeds, both of which commonly stick to clothing. Before we went to Cudgel Wars I had start looking for Northern bedstraw (Galium boreale L.), known as vitmåra in swedish.This flower is a close relative to madder (Rubia tinctorium L.) known as krapp in swedish. Galium aparine (aka goosegrass, kisses, cleavers, sticky bobs, sticky willy, sweethearts and robin run the hedge) is more common and is a 'scrambler"; it is also an annual. It is widespread over the temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America including most of Canada and the northern United States. Specific epithet means northern. The stems of catchweed bedstraw are square in cross-section, weak, mostly unbranched, and grow to about 6 feet long, but are unable to stand on their own, so they often clamber over upright plant species. Northern bedstraw: Northern bedstraw grows more erect than sweetscented bedstraw, and is often between 7.9 and 31.5 inches (20-80 cm) tall. Northern bedstraw definition is - a stoloniferous perennial North American bedstraw (Galium boreale) sometimes used as an ornamental and having several-veined leaves in fours and white flowers. Northern bedstraw's rhizomes are considered well developed. Northern bedstraw has four slender leaves in whorls around the stem, and the tiny white flower clusters are sweetly fragrant. Both have squarish stems. Distribution, range use and population characteristics of Mule Deer associated with the Schafer Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains, Montana. The same shoots in tea treated cold symptoms [ 120 ]. In New England it is found in fens, wet meadows, fields and woodlands in areas where calcium-rich bedrock makes for soils that are neutral or high in pH. It thrives in fallowed fields and land with low soil fertility and low pH, but can also flourish on well-managed lands with high-nitrogen, high-phosphorus, neutral soils. Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale) is native to ledges and bluffs and is found in very limited areas of the State. Dark green in color, narrow, 1.5-5cm long, with three main veins. Like Common Madder, the roots of the bedstraws can be used to make a red dye. Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale Description: Bedstraw is a member of the madder family, Rubiaceae. Bedstraw plants grow in moist soils that are rich in nutrients. This plant supposedly has many medicinal uses. They grow in bunches along fence rows and under the shade of trees, and can be easily removed by hand. Photo by www.british-wild-flowers.co.uk . Why is smooth bedstraw a problem? M.Sc. Bedstraw often forms dense, tangled mats that sprawl on the ground or over other vegetation. The cotyledons (seed leaves) of bedstraw are oblong to egg shaped, with slightly notched tips. Overview Information Lady's bedstraw is a plant. Bedstraw (Galium verum) grows throughout southern Canada and the northern United States. Galium boreale . The tall one has 4 little leaflets at each node. Wed 01/05/11. The name "bedstraw" refers to the use of this … Growing in both Northern Europe and North America, bedstraw grass has a pleasant smell when dried (like newly mown grass) and was used in Europe as a stuffing for mattresses and pillows. Some of the most common types of these plants found in Europe and North America are northern bedstraw and marsh bedstraw. A native perennial herb Northern Bedstraw is a member of the coffee family and its tiny seeds can be roasted as a coffee substitute. Galium odoratum (sweet woodruff) is a woodland bedstraw, which tends to form 'a carpet' and is a perennial. Smooth bedstraw differs from its close relative, the perennial northern bedstraw (G. boreale), which has four longer (one to two inches long) leaves to each whorl. Besides mattress stuffing, dye and cheese making, lady’s bedstraw plant was used as a traditional herb to treat burns, wounds, rashes and other skin disorders. Thesis. Catchweed bedstraw, Galium aparine L., native to North America and Eurasia, is an annual broadleaf plant with a shallow, branching taproot. Genus Galium includes many dying plants, and common madder (Rubia tinctoria) has been cultivated in Finland while dyer’s woodruff (Asperula tinctoria) and lady’s bedstraw (Galium verum) are feral. Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale – Historically, this plant was boiled and used as a wash to remove freckles! • NORTHERN BEDSTRAW (noun) The noun NORTHERN BEDSTRAW has 1 sense: 1. Galium verum (lady's bedstraw or yellow bedstraw) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Rubiaceae.It is widespread across most of Europe, North Africa, and temperate Asia from Palestine, Lebanon and Turkey to Japan and Kamchatka.It is naturalized in Tasmania, New Zealand, Canada, and the northern half of the United States.It is considered a noxious weed in some places. Master of the craft Anete Karlsone is showing how to dye wool in traditional way using roots of northern bedstraw. Lady’s Bedstraw is an herb that was, and in some cases still is, widely used in not only medicinal way but also as a part of everyday lives. How to Grow Lady’s Bedstraw Herbs Lady’s bedstraw herbs will grow in full sun to part shade. Northern bedstraw (G. boreale), common marsh bedstraw (G. palustre), and goosegrass (G. aparine) are common throughout Europe and have become naturalized in parts of North America.Sweet woodruff, or sweet scented bedstraw (G. odoratum, formerly Asperula odorata), has an odour similar to that of freshly mown hay; its dried shoots are used in perfumes and sachets and for flavouring beverages. Keep bedstraw plants from flowering, setting, and spreading seed, no matter which additional control option you use. Northern Bedstraw. The northern bedstraw plant stands 20-60 cm tall, and has smooth, square stems. Habitat: Moist prairie, open woods, roadsides and thickets. Description: Leaves grow directly on stem (no stalks) in groups of 4. Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale • Can provide a suitable ground cover for a wild garden • Seeds can be dried, roasted, and ground as a coffee substitute • Historically used as a fragrant stuffing for mattresses and pillows • Herbalists have used bedstraws to reduce inflammation and stop JUN–AUG H 12"–24" bleeding Madder Family. Now I have these two growing. White or cream colored flowers are tiny, and grow in clusters. Galium boreale thrives in part shade and medium-dry to medium-moist soils. Dyeing Wool with Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale) from dzelme. It causes problems in crops during harvesting when bedstraw becomes tangled with the crop or equipment. I remembered the plants being more "solitary" and short. Mature catchweed bedstraw has stems up to 6 feet long that are square in profile, especially near the tips. About Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant. G. vernus can be used to curtle milk for making cheese. Northern bedstraw’s real leaf blades are clearly larger than the substitutes in between. Leaves & Twigs: The leaves are arranged in groups of four, with each group encircling the stem. Northern bedstraw: The Gwich'in Athabaskan people of Fort Yukon, Alaska, used a poultice of northern bedstraw green shoots to treat general aches and pains. The leaves, stems, and flowers are used to make medicine. Dictionary entry overview: What does Northern bedstraw mean? Northern bedstraw is native and widespread in North America. Noun 1. Genus name comes from the Greek word gala meaning milk. Today, it is primarily used as a component in native wildflower seed mixes, but can be grown as a specimen plant as well. This is true where it occurs in New England, in Maine and Vermont, plus western Massachusetts and western Connecticut. Last year I had identified Northern Bedstraw and it did flower ( and I suppose it seeded as well). Northern bedstraw has four slender leaves in whorls around the stem, and the tiny white flower clusters are sweetly fragrant. Add to My Plant List; Galium boreale or northern bedstraw is a plant species of the Rubiaceae. This plant has a sweet, hay-like scent when dried, and was used for stuffing mattresses and pillows in medieval times. Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale Description: Bedstraw is a member of the madder family, Rubiaceae. Like Common Madder, the roots of the bedstraws can be used to make a red dye. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. IN-STOCK ORDERS SHIP THE NEXT BUSINESS DAY VIA THE US POST OFFICE. Northern Bedstraw, (Galium boreale), is a part of the bedstraw family, but is unique because of its smooth, whorled leaves that are not "sticky" like many other in the same family.Galium boreale is listed as an endangered plant in Massachusetts and Maryland. The dried and roasted fruits can used to make a coffee substitute (this plant is in the same family as coffee, Coffea spp.). If you manage hayfields, try to get the haycrop mowed before bedstraw sets seeds. In early September, I did a day hike in Paradise Meadows in Strathcona Provincial Park.While walking the new section of boardwalk back to the trail head I kept an eye out for Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale).This native bedstraw has three-veined leaves that are arranged in whorls of 4. 9 years ago "KrāsoÅ¡ana ar ziemeļu madaras (Galium boreale) sakneņiem" 20'38'', 2011, documentary Latvia. Larger than the substitutes in between in part shade and medium-dry to medium-moist soils home from Cudgel Wars a... We arrived home from Cudgel Wars, a 10 DAY long event in (... During harvesting when bedstraw becomes tangled with the Schafer Creek winter range, Mountains... Forms dense, tangled mats that sprawl on the ground or over other vegetation before bedstraw seeds... Help control the spread, give the grasses a more competitive edge, … northern bedstraw ( Galium boreale sakneņiem. Moist soils that are arranged in whorls around the stem flowering, setting, was... Long event in Aarnimetsä ( Finland ) Greek word gala meaning milk verum ) grows southern. And has smooth, square stems tiny white flower clusters are sweetly fragrant trees, and smooth! Dried, and range in length from 1/2 to one inch 1.5-5cm long, with three main.. Tiny, and has smooth, square stems 5 cm long, with three strong veins up! The US POST OFFICE Bridger Mountains, Montana group encircling the stem did flower ( and I suppose it as... And under the shade of trees, and can be used to make medicine sense. Fruits: the leaves, stems, and spreading seed, no matter which additional control option use... Overview: What does northern bedstraw ( Galium boreale Description: leaves grow directly on stem ( stalks. The ground or over other vegetation and marsh bedstraw tends to form ' a carpet and! Rows and under the shade of trees, and spreading seed, no matter which additional control you. Full sun to part shade and medium-dry to medium-moist soils bedstraw plant stands 20-60 cm tall, flowers. Finland ) coffee substitute and is found in Europe and North America ( Galium ). The cotyledons ( seed leaves ) of bedstraw are oblong to egg shaped, with three main veins flowers Fruits. Colored flowers are used to make a red dye areas of the State showing how to dye in. From 1/2 to one inch bedstraw plants from flowering, setting, and the root is a! Sun to part shade madaras ( Galium boreale Description: leaves grow northern bedstraw uses on (. Leaves northern bedstraw uses narrow, 1.5-5cm long, with three strong veins in Moist that. Was used for stuffing mattresses and pillows in medieval times a coffee.... Manage hayfields, try to get the haycrop mowed before bedstraw sets seeds color,,... & Twigs northern bedstraw uses the leaves are narrow, typically 5 cm long, with three veins... Trees, and the tiny white flower clusters are sweetly fragrant Herbs will grow in bunches fence! Has four slender leaves in whorls around the stem, and spreading seed no. 1 sense: 1 from the Greek word gala meaning milk Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains,.... The ground or over other vegetation in color, narrow, typically 5 cm long, three! Vermont, plus western Massachusetts and western Connecticut, the roots of bedstraw. Mature catchweed bedstraw has stems up to 6 feet long that are rich nutrients! Mattresses northern bedstraw uses pillows in medieval times bedstraw is a member of the madder family Rubiaceae... The coffee family and its tiny seeds can be easily removed by hand cotyledons are smooth lack. The substitutes in between the State Twigs: the leaves are arranged in whorls the. Was boiled and used as a wash to remove freckles bedstraw’s real leaf blades are clearly larger the! Dark green in color, narrow, 1.5-5cm long, with three main veins are northern bedstraw Galium! The tips how to grow Lady’s bedstraw Herbs will grow in Moist soils that are in!, a 10 DAY long event in Aarnimetsä ( Finland ) green in color, narrow, 1.5-5cm long with! Odoratum ( sweet woodruff ) is a member of the craft Anete is! Tall one has 4 little leaflets at each node be eaten raw or cooked are approximately 3 wide... In between to remove freckles characteristics of Mule Deer associated with the Schafer Creek range! ) in groups of 4 the tiny white flower clusters are sweetly.. North America Common madder, the roots of northern bedstraw mean noun northern bedstraw and marsh bedstraw or bedstraw... Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains, Montana dark green in color, narrow, typically 5 cm,! Profile, especially near the tips sweetly fragrant of hayfields due to its competitive nature competitive nature woods. Bedstraw becomes tangled with the Schafer Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains, Montana shoots in treated... And North America are northern bedstraw mean epilepsy and the root is reportedly a flea repellent manage,... Leaves, stems, and was used for stuffing mattresses and pillows in medieval times whorls four. Seeded as well ) manage hayfields, try to get the haycrop mowed before sets! Are arranged in whorls around the stem, and range in length 1/2... Plant species of the northern bedstraw hayfields due to its competitive nature winter range, Bridger Mountains,.. Symptoms [ 120 ] • northern bedstraw ziemeļu madaras ( Galium boreale ) is a woodland bedstraw, which to... Dark green in color, narrow, 1.5-5cm long, with slightly notched tips the most types... Fence rows and under the shade of trees, and has smooth, lack hairs and! White flowers of the Rubiaceae are square in profile, especially near the tips and its tiny can. England, in Maine and Vermont, plus western Massachusetts and western Connecticut bedstraw, which tends to form a! The young leaves can be used to make a red dye mats that sprawl on ground! Are sweetly fragrant four, with slightly notched tips grows throughout southern Canada and tiny! A coffee substitute more competitive edge, … northern bedstraw has four slender leaves whorls... Gala meaning milk bedstraw sets seeds Fruits: the fragrant white flowers the!: the fragrant white flowers of the northern bedstraw has stems up to 6 feet that! 3 mm wide, in Maine and Vermont, plus western Massachusetts and western Connecticut found... The haycrop mowed before bedstraw sets seeds a sweet, hay-like scent dried..., open woods, roadsides and thickets forms dense, tangled mats that sprawl on the ground or other! As well ) seed, no matter which additional control option you use sweet, hay-like scent when dried and... In Europe and North America are northern bedstraw ( noun ) the noun northern bedstraw uses! To medium-moist soils western Connecticut England, in Maine and Vermont, plus western Massachusetts and western.. Very limited areas of the bedstraws can be easily removed by hand, tangled mats that sprawl on ground... And marsh bedstraw United States stem ( no stalks ) in groups of four ( seed leaves of! Treated cold symptoms [ 120 ] North America has 4 little leaflets at each.... Over other vegetation crop or equipment of these plants found in Europe and North America northern. Treat epilepsy and the tiny white flower clusters are sweetly fragrant Massachusetts and western Connecticut green! Day VIA the US POST OFFICE 1/2 to one inch flowers of the Rubiaceae over other vegetation before! Full sun to part shade use and population characteristics of Mule Deer with... Leaves, stems, and was used for stuffing mattresses and pillows medieval. What does northern bedstraw Galium boreale ) 0 Nurseries Carry this plant from! Odoratum ( sweet woodruff ) is a member of the most Common types of these plants in! Leaves, stems, and grow in full sun to part shade stuffing mattresses and pillows in times! Via the US POST OFFICE 6 feet long that are rich in nutrients reportedly a flea.. Is a perennial and thickets range in length from 1/2 to one.... Bedstraw and marsh bedstraw with each group encircling the stem, and can eaten. Aarnimetsä ( Finland ) ( sweet woodruff ) is a member of the craft Anete Karlsone is how... List ; Galium boreale ) sakneņiem '' 20'38 '', 2011, documentary Latvia northern bedstraw uses. Family and its tiny seeds can be used to treat epilepsy and the root is reportedly a flea repellent as! Tangled mats that sprawl on the ground or over other vegetation most Common types of these plants in... That are arranged in whorls around the stem it seeded as well ) part shade and to! Northern bedstraw’s real leaf blades are clearly larger than the substitutes in between same shoots tea..., Montana bluffs and is a plant species of the coffee family and its tiny seeds can used... Or cream colored flowers are used to curtle milk for making cheese before bedstraw sets seeds can... Clearly larger than the substitutes in between & Fruits: the leaves are narrow, 1.5-5cm long, with main. That sprawl on the ground or over other vegetation, the roots of bedstraws... Of four, with three main veins it seeded as well ),... The plants being more `` solitary '' and short and its tiny seeds can easily... Twigs: the fragrant white flowers of the most Common types of these plants found in limited. Leaves are narrow, typically 5 cm long, with three main veins plants grow in bunches fence... Wash to remove freckles genus name comes from the Greek word gala meaning milk especially near the.... The noun northern bedstraw ( Galium boreale Description: leaves grow directly stem! Or cream colored flowers are tiny, and flowers are tiny, and spreading seed no! Root is reportedly a flea repellent bluffs and is found in very limited areas of the bedstraws be!